Showing posts with label htaccess. Show all posts
Showing posts with label htaccess. Show all posts

Tuesday, 7 August 2012

Hiding website directories from Johnnie Hacker using a .htaccess file

OK, here's the situation.
You're creating a website.
You want a directory called say 'classes'.
You need to access stuff contained in 'classes', but you don't want a user of your site to access the 'classes' directory through something like this
I'm assuming you've shown the good sense to use the apache web server here and that you haven't fallen foul of the Microsoft marketing machine or foolishly believed that you get what you pay for. That said, there are some good web servers other than apache.
I digress. Anyway, here is how to do it.

Go into the directory you wish to deny access to.
Create a file called .htaccess
Add a single line to the file namely:
deny from all
Save the file and restart apache.

If for some reason this doesn't work, it may be the way your apache server is set up.
Look for a file such as:
That's if you're using a proper operating system. Goodness knows what it would be if you were using Windows.
In here you will see a few lines which look like this:

<Directory /var/www/>
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
allow from all
Change the line which says 'AllowOverride None' to 'AllowOverride All'.
Now restart apache again.

You can now add similar .htaccess files to any directories you want to control.

Tuesday, 10 May 2011

How to add the .htc mime type to your Apache website

I have been updating my blog to include demo versions of the pages. A number of my blog entries include the use of css3pie which uses a file called to render css3 content in IE. Having stuck the demo pages on Effective Web Designs, I discovered that was not delivering the goods as it normally does.

After a bit of surfing, I found that it may be to do with not serving the .htc mime type. After a bit more surfing, I discovered that this could be achieved by setting the mime type within your .htaccess file, if you are using the only web server which matters (Apache).

This is the line you need for your .htaccess file.

AddType text/x-component .htc

I hope this also opens up all sorts of mime type possibilities to you.